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In 2012, along with the radical changes to Hillview Middle School’s campus, including the construction of a state-of-the-art performing arts center, the school hired a new drama teacher, Bill Hairston. In the years since his hire, Hairston has helped Encinal and Oak Knoll, K-5 schools in the Menlo Park City School District (MPCSD), put on their own musicals. Most recently, he has started working with teachers of Castaño Elementary and Willow Oaks Elementary, two of M-A’s feeder schools in the Ravenswood City School District (RCSD), to put on “Willy Wonka KIDS.”

Since he first got the job in 2012, Hairston has been trying to make drama more accessible for as many people as possible. In his first year of teaching at Hillview, he produced single-cast shows of “Ghost Train” and “Honk!” He produced this year’s play, “Diary of Anne Frank,” with a whopping four casts — two normal casts, a sixth-grade cast, and an understudy cast — in order to incorporate as many students as possible into the program. He has only recently been able to reach outside of the MPCSD and work with teachers in the RCSD to produce their own plays and musicals.

Hairston describes his role as “a consultant and a facilitator for the things they need” and is guiding the teachers through the process of how to structure the production cycle “from auditions to performance.”

Besides assisting the teachers, he is also organizing the creation of eight periaktos — versatile three-sided set pieces that are used at Hillview — and donating costumes for both shows. He believes that “as a drama teacher, helping the Ravenswood teachers and kids do theater is the biggest impact [he] can have.”

Hairston believes that facilitating a musical would be beneficial to students, not only because it would “give them a stronger feeling of community at their school, and a sense of pride and accomplishment after the show is over,” but it would also help with literacy.

In order to perform, actors must fully understand the words of the script they are reading. In his experience, Hairston has discovered that “doing a play or musical is a wonderfully effective way to help kids achieve broad gains in literacy in a relatively short time.”


Ravenswood City Elementary-Languages of English Learners-This graph displays the count of students speaking each of the top five languages in this district. A total of 2,664,921 California public school students (English Learners and Fluent English Proficient) speak a language other than English in their homes. This number represents about 42.8 percent of the state

In the 2015 to 2016 school year, 64.6 percent of the students in the RCSD were categorized as English Language Learners. Of that percentage, 60.8 percent of the students spoke Spanish at home.


Ravenswood City Elementary-English Learners-This graph displays the number of students in this district who were classified as English learners when enrollment counts were taken. (Note: In 2010-11, some 413 districts and independently reporting charters did not certify their EL data, resulting in an undercount of about 405,018 EL students statewide. In most cases, if a dip is seen in 2010-11, it is due to missing data, not a decrease in English learners.) Visit ed-data.org for more information.

Two years ago, in his first attempt to bring drama to the RCSD, Hairston paid the licensing fees for a Spanish/English version of Disney’s “Aladdin,” with money donated by Hillview drama parents. Due to unforeseen challenges, the musical was turned into a vocal concert and was never performed in its entirety. This year, rather than purchasing the rights to a new musical, Hairston will be producing the Spanish/English “Aladdin” at Hillview.

In the musical, the actors playing Aladdin and the citizens of Agrabah will speak English, while those playing Princess Jasmine and the rest of the Agrabah royalty will speak Spanish, conveniently and humorously translated by Rajah the tiger and Abu the monkey. Although speaking fluently in Spanish may pose a challenge to the mostly English-speaking cast of Hillview, Hairston wants the show to be “a celebration of the Spanish language in response to the atmosphere of fear and exclusion that seemed to be forming against immigrants.”

He hopes that producing the show will “send a signal of solidarity to our Spanish-speaking kids and their parents” and help them “feel included in [the] community.”

Although Hairston and the Ravenswood teachers are doing all they can, the program at Castaño Elementary and Willow Oaks Elementary is still just starting and is not nearly as expansive as the one in place at Hillview, leaving many kids entering M-A without access to a drama program. Although M-A’s drama program tries to include as many people as possible, ultimately some people are not cast due to the number of roles available in any given production. This obstacle can discourage new members of the drama program – particularly those who have never been through the audition process – and keep them out of the program.

In order to combat the fears of students from the RCSD who first start performing at M-A, M-A’s drama program, led by Danette Bathauer Grinstead, recently hosted an advanced showing of M-A’s spring musical, “The Addam’s Family,” for Ravenswood kids interested in drama, followed by a question and answer session. Kids were allowed to comment or ask whatever they wanted about the show, or what it is like to be in drama. Many students were genuinely inquisitive about what it was like to be in drama and wanted advice from the older actors.

Ultimately, producing plays and musicals is a costly endeavor, requiring licensing rights, costumes, sets, lighting, and a performance space — all things that M-A is incredibly lucky to have. Yet, due to the limited access to drama in middle school, many students are finding themselves “locked out” of the drama program, because they started on an uneven playing field. Hairston, Bathauer, and the teachers in the RCSD have the right idea, but it will take much more time, effort, and money in order to right the inequality that is preventing students from pursuing acting as a hobby or even a career.

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